Loft is an architectural style that uses converted attic rooms of abandoned factories, factories, warehouses and other buildings of industrial zones to create residential or office space. The name of the style comes from the English word ‘loft’, which in Russian means ‘attic’.
This modern style appeared in the 40s of the 20th century in the industrial quarters of New York, after the owners of industrial enterprises, because of rising land prices, left industrial buildings in the city center and settled on its outskirts. The vacated industrial buildings for their spacious rooms with high ceilings and good lighting, as well as low rental prices attracted the attention of the Bohemians of New York. It was here in the 50s of the last century that art galleries and studios first concentrated, and then offices of financiers and lawyers. In the 60s, the premises of the former industrial facilities were successfully used for luxury housing. At the same time, loft is becoming popular in Europe.
For rooms in this style is characterized by the most open space, not burdened by interior walls and partitions; clarity of geometric shapes; the severity of horizontal and vertical lines, subject to the building structure; maximally large rectangular windows; simple concise rectangular doors; discreet decor and the mandatory presence of parts inherited from the industrial past of buildings: ventilation pipes, iron columns, beams, stairs, cast iron batteries, plastered walls, concrete floors, etc. color. In the exterior are allowed any color range.
Nowadays in the cities of Western Europe, loft-style housing is one of the most prestigious and expensive. In Russia, this style was used very recently, in 2004-2005. A striking example of its use is the reconstruction of the former confectionery factory ‘Bolshevik’ in Moscow.